casing shoe

casing shoe

casing shoe

A casing shoe is positioned at the bottom of a pipe lowered into a wellbore. This pipe, called the casing string, needs to be carefully guided so it is properly and safely positioned. The shoe keeps the casing string aligned as it progresses into the wellbore, allowing technicians to be assured that the process is going smoothly. Several casing shoe designs are available for different needs.

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Description of Casing Shoe

The device consists of a metal collar fitted at the base of the casing string, and held in place by the casing hanger at the top. Some designs are snub-nosed, with the angled edges allowing the casing shoe to nudge into the wellbore and stay evenly positioned. Others may have cutting teeth. These can be necessary if the walls of a wellbore are bulging inward and materials are clogging the way; the casing shoe can cut through the to allow the pipe to pass.

Such equipment makes it possible to lower a casing string safely past potential obstructions, ledges, and various obstacles inside the wellbore. Technicians still need to move carefully, monitoring the casing string for signs of fatigue and stress that might potentially cause a problem. This process can be painstaking and very expensive, because technicians want to make sure it is performed correctly. They also need to secure the casing string to confirm that it won’t drop unexpectedly, and so they can maintain control over it at all times.